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Agriculture Census 2015-16

  • The total number of operational holdings in the country has increased from 138.35 million in 2010-11 to 146.45 million in 2015-16 showing an increase of 5.86%.
  • The total operated area in the country has decreased from 159.59 million ha. in 2010-11 to 157.82 million ha. in 2015-16 showing a decrease of 1.11%.
  • In a total of 146.45 million operational holdings in the country, the highest number of operational holders belonged to
    1. Uttar Pradesh (23.82 million)
    2. Bihar (16.41 million),
    3. Maharashtra (15.29 million),
    4. Madhya Pradesh (10.00 million),
    5. Karnataka (8.68 million),
    6. Andhra Pradesh (8.52 million),
    7. Tamil Nadu (7.94 million),
    8. Rajasthan (7.66 million),
    9. Kerala (7.58 million) etc
  • As regards operated area, out of a total of 157.82 million ha., the highest operated area was contributed by
    • Rajasthan (20.87 million ha),
    • Maharashtra (20.51 million ha.),
    • Uttar Pradesh (17.45 million ha.),
    • Madhya Pradesh (15.67 million ha.),
    • Karnataka (11.81 million ha.) etc.
  • The percentage increase in number of operational holdings in 2015-16 as compared to Agriculture Census 2010-11 worked out to 5.86%.
  • Among states, the highest increase in holdings was observed in the case of Madhya Pradesh (12.74%) followed by Andhra Pradesh (11.85%), Maharashtra (11.58%), Rajasthan (11.12%), Kerala (11.02%), Meghalaya (10.90%), Karnataka (10.83%) and Nagaland (10.16%) etc.
  • 14 out of 36 States/UTs in the country accounted for about 91.01% of the total number of operational holdings and about 88.19% of the total area operated in the country. These States were Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamilnadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

  • The average size of operational holding has declined to 1.08 ha. in 2015-16 as compared to 1.15 in 2010-11.
  • The percentage share of female operational holders has increased from 12.79% in 2010-11 to 13.96% in 2015-16 with the corresponding figures of 10.36% and 11.72% in the operated area.
  • This shows that more and more females are participating in the management and operation of agricultural lands.
  • The small and marginal holdings taken together (0.00-2.00 ha.) constituted 86.08% of the total holdings in 2015-16 against 85.01% in 2010-11 while their share in the operated area stood at 46.94% in the current census as against 44.58% in 2010-11.
  • The Semi-medium and Medium operational holdings (2.00-10.00 ha.) in 2015-16 were only 13.35% with 43.99% operated area. The corresponding figures for 2010-11 census were 14.29% and 44.82%.

  • The large holdings (10.00 ha. & above) were merely 0.57% of total number of holdings in 2015-16 and had a share of 9.07% in the operated area as against 0.70% and 10.59% respectively for 2010-11 census.

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