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Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

  • Google commemorated Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, India’s first woman satyagrahi and a writer and freedom fighter, with a doodle on her 117th birth anniversary.
  • The Google Doodle page reads: “In 1923, Chauhan’s unyielding activism led her to become the first woman satyagrahi, a member of the Indian collective of non-violent anti-colonialists, to be arrested in the struggle for national liberation. She continued to make revolutionary statements in the fight for freedom both on and off the page into the 1940s, publishing a total of 88 poems and 46 short stories,”
  •  Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s poem ‘Jhansi ki Rani’, which describes the life of Rani Lakhmi Bai, is one of the most recited and sung poems in Hindi literature.
  • She joined Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement against the British and became the first woman satyagrahi of the country. She was jailed twice for her involvement in protests against British rule, in 1923 and 1942.
  • As a participant of the Indian National Movement, she used her influential writing and poems as the weapon to motivate others. Her pieces depicted the hardships and challenges faced by Indian women during the freedom movement of India.
  • Chauhan wrote in the Khariboli dialect of Hindi. She has also written poems for children and some short stories based on the life of the middle-class of the society.\

Inspiration: Google Doodle celebrates Rukhmabai on her 153rd birth anniversary

2020 Prelims

In the context of Indian history, the Rakhmabai case of 1884 revolved around

1. women’s right to gain education
2. age of consent
3. restitution of conjugal rights

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans) B

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